Turbulence, wakes and wind farm control

Speaker: Dennice Gayme

Date: Fri, Jul 28, 2023

Location: PIMS, University of British Columbia, Online

Conference: PIMS-FACTS Workshop on Forecasting and Mathematical modeling for Renewable Energy

Subject: Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics: Climate Modelling

Class: Scientific


The dynamics of the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) play a fundamental role in wind farm power production, governing the velocity field that enters the farm as well as the turbulent mixing that regenerates energy for extraction at downstream rows. Understanding the dynamic interactions between turbines, wind farms, and the ABL can therefore be beneficial in improving the efficiency of wind farm design and control approaches. This talk introduces a suite of models that exploit this knowledge to improve predictions of both static and dynamic conditions in the wind farm. We first introduce the area localized coupled (ALC) model, which couples the steady state solution of a dynamic wake model with a localized top-down model that focuses on the effect of the farm on the ABL. The ALC model improves the accuracy of power output and local velocity predictions over both conventional wake models and top-down models, while extending the applicability of this type of coupled model to arbitrary wind farm layouts. In the second part of the talk, we focus on using attributes of the turbulent ABL to provide improved models for power production and wake behavior under turbine yawing, which has been shown to increase turbine power output potential. Finally, we demonstrate how these ideas can be extended to a control setting.