Patterns, waves and bufurcations in cell migration

Speaker: Leah Edelstein-Keshet , Andreas Buttenschoen

Date: Thu, May 13, 2021

Location: UBC, Online

Conference: PIMS Workshop on New Trends in Localized Patterns in PDES

Subject: Mathematics

Class: Scientific


Cell migration plays a central roles in embryonic development, wound healing and immune surveillance. In 2008, Yoichiro Mori, Alexandra Jilkine and LEK published a reaction-diffusion model for the initial step of cell migration, the front-back chemical polarization that sets a cell's directionality. (More detailed mathematical properties of this model were described by the same group in 2011.) Since then, progress has been made in investigating how that simple "wave-pinning" mechanism is shaped and tuned by feedback from other proteins, from the cell's environment (extracellular matrix), from interplay with larger signaling networks, and from cell-cell interactions. In this talk, we will describe some of this progress and mathematical questions that arise. In particular, AB will demonstrate how his numerical PDE bifurcation analysis has helped us to understand how cells repolarize to reverse their direction of motion.