Mathematics

Models of T cell activation based on TCR-pMHC bond kinetics

Speaker: 
Daniel Coombs
Date: 
Thu, May 10, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Conference: 
Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course
Abstract: 
In order for an immune cell, such as a T-cell to do its job (kill virus infected cells) it must first undergo an activation event. Activation requires the encounter of the cell surface T-cell receptors (TCRs) with bits of protein that are displayed in special complexes (peptide-MHC complexes) on the surface of a target cell. all cells of the body display such p-MHC complexes, but in normal circumstances only those perceived as infected will be destroyed by T-cells in the process of immune surveillance. In this seminar I will describe both theoretical and experimental work aiming to understand the events that culminate in the activation of the T-cell.

Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course Lecture 16

Speaker: 
Leah Edelstein-Keshet
Date: 
Fri, May 11, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Abstract: 
  • Cell biology imaging techniques
    • 1. Introduction: Basic optics | Phase contrast | DIC | Mechanism of fluorescence | Fluorophores
    • 2. Fluorescence microscopy: Fluorescent labelling biological samples | Epifluorescence microscopy |
      Confocal fluorescence microscopy
    • 3. Advanced techniques: FRAP | FRET | TIRF | Super-resolution imaging (time permitting)
    • 4. FRAP data and modelling integrin dynamics

Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course Lecture 15

Speaker: 
Jun Allard
Date: 
Thu, May 10, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Abstract: 
Cell Mechanics #4: Applications of thermal forces. Elastic Brownian ratchet [Mogilner and Oster 1996 Biophys J]; Pulling by a depolymerizing microtubule, master equations in discrete state space [Peskin and Oster 1995 Biophys J]; Gel symmetry breaking [van der Gucht et al 2005 Proc Natl Acad Sci].

Microtubules, - polymer size distribution - and other balance equation models

Speaker: 
Leah Edelstein-Keshet
Date: 
Wed, May 9, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Conference: 
Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course
Abstract: 
I introduce the differences between microtubules and actin biopolymers, and describe the growing and shrinking phases (with catastrophe and rescue transitions). The equations for polymer size distributions are explained and related to balance equations in a more general setting. The generic 1D balance equation is derived, and special cases of transport and diffusion are explained in both continuous and discrete settings.

Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course Lecture 13

Speaker: 
Jun Allard
Date: 
Wed, May 9, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Conference: 
Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course
Abstract: 
Cell Mechanics #3: Thermal forces. Z-rings in a liposome [Cytrynbaum et al 2012 Phys Rev E]; Fokker-Planck equations, the Einstein relation and the principle of detailed balance; Diffusion-limited attachment, Kramer rate theory, Bell~Rs Law; Dimer-level microtubule assembly and Gillespie stochastic simulation [vanBuren et al 2002 Proc Natl Acad Sci].

Introduction to polymerization kinetics

Speaker: 
Leah Edelstein-Keshet
Date: 
Tue, May 8, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Conference: 
Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course
Abstract: 
To understand the cytoskeleton, it helps to also gain some background in simple polymer assembly, and the mathematics used to describe it. Here I review a succession of elementary models for polymers of various types starting from a mixture consisting only of subunits, called monomers. I point out that the accumulated polymer mass over time depends on the type of underlying assembly reaction. The idea of critical monomer concentration is introduced, and shown to arise as a consequence of scaling the models. We then consider the specific case of actin polymers and show that treadmilling (growth of one end and shrinkage of the other) can occur at a particular concentration. Growth of actin filaments at their tips in discussed in the context of a transcritical bifurcation. I introduce the Mogilner-Oster thermal ratchet and its relation to cell protrusion caused by actin filament polymerization against a load force.

Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course Lecture 12

Speaker: 
Jun Allard
Date: 
Tue, May 8, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Conference: 
Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course
Abstract: 
Cell Mechanics #2: Biopolymer mechanics. The energy functional, Young~Rs modulus, Euler-Lagrange equations; Microtubules buckling in vesicles [Elbaum et al 1996 Phys Rev Lett] and in cells [Brangwynne et al 2006 J Cell Sci].

An Excitable Contractile Cell

Speaker: 
Leah Edelstein-Keshet
Date: 
Mon, May 7, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Conference: 
Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course
Abstract: 
In 1980, Gary Odell, George Oster and coworkers published papers on a mechanochemical model for epithelial invagination (folding of a sheet of cells) in the early stages of formation of an embryo. An attractive feature of this model is that it combines a chemical switch with a simple mechanical element (a spring with variable rest-length). I discuss this model, relate it to our previous experience with biochemical switches, and to the mechanical spring-based systems described in Jun Allard's first lecture. This model also anticipates a later lecture on models for 2D cell motion based on springs and dashpot elements.

Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course Lecture 9

Speaker: 
Jun Allard
Date: 
Mon, May 7, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Conference: 
Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course
Abstract: 
Cell Mechanics #1: Bonds, springs, dashpots and motors. Wobbling keratocytes [Barnhart et al 2010 Biophys J]; Slip-clutch in nerve growth cones and fixed-timestep stochastic simulation [Chan and Odde 2008 Science]

Small GTPases and cell polarization

Speaker: 
Leah Edelstein-Keshet
Date: 
Fri, May 4, 2012
Location: 
PIMS, University of British Columbia
Conference: 
Mathematical Cell Biology Summer Course
Abstract: 
Here I connect some of the background already discussed to the concepts of GTPase activity and bistability in the context of cell polarization. I explain in detail how the ideas of bistability were used to reject some competing hypotheses for mutual interactions of Cdc42 and Rho (two GTPases implicated in cell motility and polarization), and how mathematical models were then gradually assembled based on the remaining hypotheses. I discuss both mutual inhibition and positive feedback as possible mechanisms. I then introduce the evidence for Cdc42-Rho interactions based on a collaboration with William Bement. This is further explained in a lecture by Cory Simon, former UBC PhD student.
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